There is no doubt that Deuteronomy profoundly shaped the theology of the apostle Paul. However, what if his most famous letter – Romans – is completely structured around Deuteronomy? This is exactly what C. Marvin Pate argues in his book Apostle of the Last Days (and his Romans commentary in Teach the Text Series). In his words, “the outline of Romans matches the covenant components of Deuteronomy” (p162). It’s as if Romans is the new Deuteronomy; as Deuteronomy was the document for the Israelite (Old) covenant, Romans would be the formal document for the New Covenant.
Tag: Marvin Pate
C. Marvin Pate has authored the Romans commentary for the new Teach the Text commentary series from Baker, a series that the editors have tailored for “the needs of pastors who teach the text on a weekly basis” (p vii). To reach this end it “utilizes the best of biblical scholarship but also presents the material in a clear, concise, attractive, and user-friendly format” (p vii). The goal for this series is clearly to assist one in teaching the biblical text.
I thought it would be interesting to compare the different ways various commentaries structure Paul’s letter to the Romans. I’m only working with the commentaries I have access to, so this is not a comparison of the major commentaries by any means. Secondly, I’m only giving the basic outline; some commentaries have very detailed outlines but I’m just giving the big picture they present, or this post would become unwieldy very quickly! Then I’ll offer a few observations about the similarities and differences.